Prednisolone pediatric dosing

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  1. Tax New Member

    Prednisolone pediatric dosing


    Applies to the following strengths: tebutate 20 mg/m L; sodium phosphate 20 mg/m L; 15 mg/5 m L; 5 mg; (as sodium phosphate) 5 mg/5 m L; sodium phosphate 15 mg/5 m L; (as sodium phosphate) 10 mg/5 m L; (as sodium phosphate) 20 mg/5 m L; (as sodium phosphate) 25 mg/5 m L; acetate 50 mg/m L; acetate 25 mg/m L; 10 mg; 15 mg; 30 mg; 5 mg/5 m L; acetate; sodium phosphate; (as acetate) 15 mg/5 m L Initial dose: 200 mg orally once a day for 1 week, then 80 mg orally every other day for 1 month Comments: -Exogenous corticosteroids suppress adrenocorticoid activity least when given at the time of maximal activity; consider time of maximal adrenal cortex activity (2 AM to 8 AM) when dosing. -Controlled clinical trials have shown corticosteroids to be effective in speeding the resolution of acute exacerbations of multiple sclerosis, although they have not been shown to affect the natural history of the disease. Use: For the treatment of acute exacerbations of multiple sclerosis. Dosing should be individualized based on disease and patient response: Initial dose: 5 to 60 mg orally per day; may be give once a day or in divided doses Maintenance dose: Adjust or maintain initial dose until a satisfactory response is obtained; then, gradually in small decrements at appropriate intervals decrease to the lowest dose that maintains an adequate clinical response Comments: -Exogenous corticosteroids suppress adrenocorticoid activity the least when given at the time of maximal activity; consider time of maximal adrenal cortex activity (2 AM to 8 AM) when dosing. -Alternate day therapy may be considered in patients requiring long-term treatment; it may be necessary to return to a full suppressive daily dose in the event of acute flare-ups. Uses: As an anti-inflammatory or immunosuppressive agent when corticosteroid therapy is appropriate, such as treatment of certain allergic states; nervous system, neoplastic, or renal conditions; endocrine, rheumatologic, or hematologic disorders; collagen, dermatologic, ophthalmic, respiratory, or gastrointestinal diseases; specific infectious diseases or conditions related to organ transplantation. Dosing should be individualized based on disease and patient response: Initial dose: 5 to 60 mg orally per day; may be give once a day or in divided doses Maintenance dose: Adjust or maintain initial dose until a satisfactory response is obtained; then, gradually in small decrements at appropriate intervals decrease to the lowest dose that maintains an adequate clinical response Comments: -Exogenous corticosteroids suppress adrenocorticoid activity the least when given at the time of maximal activity; consider time of maximal adrenal cortex activity (2 AM to 8 AM) when dosing. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Practice guidelines from different countries recommend a wide range of doses, and the doses used in actual practice vary widely. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U. There is no data on what is the most appropriate dose of prednisone (or equivalent) in this situation. This study hopes to determine the appropriate oral steroid dose for treating children hospitalized with asthma exacerbations. We will be looking at the dose recommended by the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program guidelines, which are published by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, as compared with a lower dose which is commonly used in practice. We hypothesize that the lower dose will be no worse than the higher dose as determined primarily by duration of hospitalization. Practice guidelines for the management of asthma in children universally recommend systemic corticosteroids for the treatment of moderate to severe asthma exacerbations. However, these guidelines vary widely with respect to dose, frequency, method of delivery, and duration of therapy.

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    Prednisone Tablets USP are available for oral administration containing either 1 mg, 2.5 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg, 20 mg or 50 mg of Prednisone USP. Each tablet contains the following inactive ingredients lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, pregelatinized starch, sodium starch glycolate and stearic acid 1 mg, 2.5 mg, and 5 mg only. In this EM Cases episode on Pediatric Asthma we discuss risk stratification including the PASS and PRAM scores, indications for CXR, the value of blood gases, MDIs with spacer vs nebulizers for salbutamol and ipatropium bromide, the best way to give corticosteroids, the value of inhaled steroids, the importance of early administration of magnesium sulphate in the sickest kids, and the. PDR Drug Summaries are concise point-of-care prescribing, dosing and administering information to help phsyicans more efficiently and accurately prescribe in their practice PDR's drug summaries are available free of charge and serve as a great resource for US based MDs, DOs, NPs and PAs in

    5-7.5 mg PO q Day 200 mg/day PO for 1 week, then 80 mg PO every other day for 1 month 30-40 mg PO q Day for 10-14 days 60 mg PO q Day for 5 days; then taper down by 10 mg daily for 5 days for total duration time of 10 days oral solution 0.1-2 mg/kg/day PO in single daily dose or divided q6-12hr; not to exceed 80 mg/day 1-2 mg/kg/day in single daily dose or divided q12hr for 3-5 days First 4 weeks: 60 mg/m²/day or 2 mg/kg/day PO divided q8hr until urine is protein free for 3 consecutive days; not to exceed 28 days; dose not to exceed 80 mg/day Subsequent 4 weeks: 40 mg/m² or 1-1.5 mg/kg PO every other day; not to exceed 80 mg/day Maintenance in frequent relapses: 0.5-1 mg/kg/dose PO every other day for 3-6 months Treatment may have to be individualized Acne Adrenal suppression Delayed wound healing Diabetes mellitus GI perforation Glucose intolerance Hepatomegaly Hypokalemic alkalosis Increased transaminases Insomnia Menstrual irregularity Myopathy Neuritis Osteoporosis Peptic ulcer Perianal pruritus Pituitary adrenal axis suppression Pseudotumor cerebri (on withdrawal) Psychosis Seizure Ulcerative esophagitis Urticaria Vertigo Weight gain Documented hypersensitivity Systemic fungal infection, varicella, superficial herpes simplex keratitis Receipt of live or attenuated live vaccine; Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) and American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) state that administration of live virus vaccines usually is not contraindicated in patients receiving corticosteroid therapy as short-term ( Pregnancy category: C Lactation: Excreted in breast milk; use caution A: Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done. D: Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. First 4 weeks: 60 mg/m²/day or 2 mg/kg/day PO divided q8hr until urine is protein free for 3 consecutive days; not to exceed 28 days; dose not to exceed 80 mg/day Subsequent 4 weeks: 40 mg/m² or 1-1.5 mg/kg PO every other day; not to exceed 80 mg/day Maintenance in frequent relapses: 0.5-1 mg/kg/dose PO every other day for 3-6 months Treatment may have to be individualized Acne Adrenal suppression Delayed wound healing Diabetes mellitus GI perforation Glucose intolerance Hepatomegaly Hypokalemic alkalosis Increased transaminases Insomnia Menstrual irregularity Myopathy Neuritis Osteoporosis Peptic ulcer Perianal pruritus Pituitary adrenal axis suppression Pseudotumor cerebri (on withdrawal) Psychosis Seizure Ulcerative esophagitis Urticaria Vertigo Weight gain Documented hypersensitivity Systemic fungal infection, varicella, superficial herpes simplex keratitis Receipt of live or attenuated live vaccine; Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) and American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) state that administration of live virus vaccines usually is not contraindicated in patients receiving corticosteroid therapy as short-term ( Use with caution in cirrhosis, diabetes, ocular herpes simplex, hypertension, diverticulitis, following myocardial infarction, thyroid disease, seizure disorders, hypothyroidism, myasthenia gravis, hepatic impairment, peptic ulcer disease, osteoporosis, ulcerative colitis, psychotic tendencies, untreated systemic infections, renal insufficiency, pregnancy Thromboembolic disorders or myopathy may occur Delayed wound healing is possible Patients receiving corticosteroids should avoid chickenpox or measles-infected persons if unvaccinated Latent tuberculosis may be reactivated (patients with positive tuberculin test should be monitored) Some suggestion (not fully substantiated) of slightly increased cleft palate risk if corticosteroids are used in pregnancy Parenteral forms (prednisolone sodium phosphate) have been discontinued Suppression of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis may occur particularly in patients receiving high doses for prolonged periods or in young children; discontinuation of therapy should be done through slow taper Posterior subcapular cataract formation associated with prolonged use of corticosteroids Prolonged use of corticosteroids may increase risk of secondary infections Increase in intraocular pressure associated with prolonged use of corticosteroids Long-term use associated with fluid retention and hypertension Development of Kaposi's sarcoma associated with prolonged corticosteroid use Acute myopathy associated with high dose of corticosteroids Corticosteroid use may cause psychiatric disturbances If product is used for 10 days or longer, intraocular pressure should be routinely monitored even though it may be difficult in children and uncooperative patients; steroids should be used with caution in the presence of glaucoma. Intraocular pressure should be checked frequently Steroids after cataract surgery may delay healing and increase incidence of bleb formation Use of ocular steroids may prolong course and may exacerbate severity of many viral infections of the eye (including herpes simplex) Prednisolone shown to be teratogenic in mice when given in doses 1-10 times human dose; dexamethasone, hydrocortisone, and prednisolone were ocularly applied to both eyes of pregnant mice five times per day on days 10 through 13 of gestation; a significant increase in the incidence of cleft palate observed in fetuses of treated mice; there are no adequate well-controlled studies in pregnant women; prednisolone should be used during pregnancy only if potential benefit justifies potential risk to fetus Not known whether topical ophthalmic administration of corticosteroids could result in sufficient systemic absorption to produce detectable quantities in breast milk; systemically administered corticosteroids appear in human milk and could suppress growth, interfere with endogenous corticosteroid production, or cause other untoward effects Because of potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from prednisolone, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue drug, taking into account importance of drug to mother Glucocorticosteroid; elicits mild mineralocorticoid activity and moderate anti-inflammatory effects; controls or prevents inflammation by controlling rate of protein synthesis, suppressing migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) and fibroblasts, reversing capillary permeability, and stabilizing lysosomes at cellular level The above information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only. Individual plans may vary and formulary information changes. Contact the applicable plan provider for the most current information.

    Prednisolone pediatric dosing

    Prednisolone, Pediapred, Medrol Drug Side Effects, Pediatric Asthma EM Cases

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    In pediatric patients, the initial dose of prednisolone sodium phosphate oral solution 25 mg prednisolone per 5 mL may vary depending on the specific disease entity being range of initial doses is 0.14 to 2 mg/kg/day in three or four divided doses 4 to 60 mg/m2bsa/day. ‡ Provided in 3 or 4 divided doses. Detailed Prednisone dosage information for adults and children. Includes dosages for Osteoarthritis, Asthma - Maintenance, Rheumatoid Arthritis and more; plus renal, liver and dialysis adjustments. Indication-specific dosing for Pediapred, Orapred prednisolone, frequency-based adverse effects, comprehensive interactions, contraindications, pregnancy & lactation schedules, and cost information.

     
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    The NICE British National Formulary (BNF) and British National Formulary for Children (BNFc) sites are only available to users in the UK, Crown Dependencies and British Overseas Territories. If you believe you are seeing this page in error please contact us. Ciprofloxacin Kabi - działanie, dawkowanie, opis leku. Cipro ciprofloxacin Antibiotic Side Effects, Dosage, Uses Sinus. Ciprofloxacin Wirkung, Anwendungsgebiete, Nebenwirkungen.
     
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